Charles and Ray Eames - Wikipedia. Charles Ormond Eames, Jr (1. Among their most well- known designs is the Eames Lounge Chair. They also worked in the fields of industrial and graphic design, fine art and film. Charles Eames. Along with his wife Ray Kaiser Eames he is responsible for groundbreaking contributions in the field of architecture, furniture design, industrial design, manufacturing and the photographic arts.
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He briefly studied architecture at Washington University in St. Louis on an architecture scholarship. After two years of study, he left the university. Many sources claim that he was dismissed for his advocacy of Frank Lloyd Wright and his interest in modern architects. The university reportedly dropped him because of his . A year later, they had a daughter, Lucia Jenkins. In 1. 93. 0, Charles began his own architectural practice in St.
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Louis with partner Charles Gray. They were later joined by a third partner, Walter Pauley. Charles Eames was greatly influenced by the Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen (whose son Eero, also an architect, would become a partner and friend). At the elder Saarinen's invitation, Charles moved in 1. Catherine and daughter Lucia to Michigan, to further study architecture at the Cranbrook Academy of Art, where he would become a teacher and head of the industrial design department. In order to apply for the Architecture and Urban Planning Program, Eames defined an area of focus.
Together with Eero Saarinen he designed prize- winning furniture for New York's. Museum of Modern Art .
He then moved with her to Los Angeles, California, where they worked and lived until their deaths. In the late 1. 94.
Arts & Architecture magazine's . Located upon a cliff overlooking the Pacific Ocean and hand- constructed within a matter of days entirely of pre- fabricated steel parts intended for industrial construction, it remains a milestone of modern architecture. Charles Eames died of a heart attack on August 2.
Saint Louis, and was buried in the Calvary Cemetery there. He now has a star on the St. At the lectures, the Eames viewpoint and philosophy are related through Charles' own telling of what he called . He related the progression of design and its process where the banana leaf is transformed into something fantastically ornate. He explains the next step and ties it to the design process by finishing the parable with: But you can go beyond that and the guys that have not only means, but a certain amount of knowledge and understanding, go the next step and they eat off of a banana leaf.
And I think that in these times when we fall back and regroup, that somehow or other, the banana leaf parable sort of got to get working there, because I'm not prepared to say that the banana leaf that one eats off of is the same as the other eats off of, but it's that process that has happened within the man that changes the banana leaf. And as we attack these problems.
Along with her husband Charles Eames she is responsible for groundbreaking contributions in the field of architecture, furniture design, industrial design, manufacturing and the photographic arts. She spent her early childhood years with her parents in their apartment, and then moved to a bungalow outside of the town.
Her parents taught her the quality of enjoyment which later led to inventions in furniture design and toys. Her parents also instilled the value of enjoyment of nature. She was a founder of the American Abstract Artists group in 1.
Riverside Museum in Manhattan. Ray lived alone in New York City until she was called home to be with her ailing mother, who died in 1. In September 1. 94.
Ben Baldwin, an architect and friend, recommended she began studies at the Cranbrook Academy of Art in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. She learned a variety of arts, not limiting herself to abstract painting. She worked with Harry Bertoia, Eero Saarinen, Charles Eames and others on the display panels for the exhibition .
After marriage the couple moved to California to continue their molded plywood furniture design and, in a later period, plastic. The graphic and commercial artwork can be clearly attributed to Ray, she designed twenty- six cover designs for the journal Arts & Architecture during 1. Eames furniture advertisements at Herman Miller (since 1. She worked on graphics for advertising, magazine covers, posters, timelines, game boards, invitations and business cards. Original examples of Ray Eames textiles can be found in many art museum collections. The Ray Eames textiles have been re- issued by Maharam as part of their Textiles of the Twentieth Century collection.
After Charles's death in 1. Eames Office was disbanded. Ray Eames worked on several unfinished projects (e.
They are buried next to each other in Calvary Cemetery in St. At the office, they employed local people, war veterans, and housewives. Eames office was a diversified workplace. The Eameses also believed in . As with their earlier molded plywood work, the Eameses pioneered technologies, such as fiberglass furniture, plastic resin chairs, and the wire mesh chairs designed for Herman Miller. From the beginning, the Eames furniture has usually been listed as by Charles Eames. In the 1. 94. 8 and 1.
Herman Miller bound catalogs, only Charles' name is listed, but it has become clear that Ray was deeply involved and was an equal partner with her husband in many projects. In August 2. 00. 5 Maharam fabrics reissued Eames designed fabrics; Sea Things (1.
Dot Pattern. The Eames fabrics were mostly designed by Ray, as were the Time- Life Stools. In 1. 97. 9, the Royal Institute of British Architects awarded Charles and Ray with the Royal Gold Medal. At the time of Charles' death they were working on what became their last production, the Eames Sofa, which went into production in 1.
Charles and Ray channeled Charles' interest in photography into the production of 1. From their first film, the unfinished Traveling Boy (1.
Powers of Ten (re- released in 1. The couple often produced short films in order to document their interests, such as collecting toys and cultural artifacts on their travels. The films also record the process of hanging their exhibits or producing classic furniture designs. Some of their other films cover more intellectual topics. For example, one film covers the purposely mundane topic of filming soap suds moving over the pavement of a parking lot. Powers of Ten (narrated by physicist Philip Morrison), gives a dramatic demonstration of orders of magnitude by visually zooming away from the earth to the edge of the universe, and then microscopically zooming into the nucleus of a carbon atom. The Eameses also conceived and designed a number of exhibitions.
The first of these, Mathematica: A World of Numbers.. It was followed by A Computer Perspective: Background to the Computer Age (1. The World of Franklin and Jefferson (1. Through the years, its staff included many notable designers: Henry Beer and Richard Foy, now co- chairmen of Comm. Arts, Inc.; Don Albinson; Deborah Sussman; Annette Del Zoppo; Peter Jon Pearce. With the introduction of plywood splints, they were able to replace metal traction splints that had side effects of gangrene and stopped circulation.
Architecture. Smart. Furniture Herman Miller Designers.
Retrieved 2. 2 June 2. Retrieved 2. 2 June 2. Organic Design in Home Furnishings. Alexandra Griffith Winton. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Accessed 1. 2 December 2.
St. Louis Walk of Fame Inductees. Retrieved 2. 5 April 2. Excerpt from Norton Lecture #1 by Charles Eames. Eames Office resources.
Accessed 1. 1 December 2. Retrieved 8 March 2.
Charles and Ray Eames : designers of the twentieth century. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press. Retrieved 2. 2 June 2. Retrieved 2. 2 June 2. Retrieved 2. 2 June 2.
Between 1. 95. 0 and 1. Charles and Ray Eames made over 1. This 6- disc DVD set contains 3. Powers of Ten, House: After 5 Years of Living, Design Q& A, Tops, Eames Lounge Chair, Day of the Dead, Toccata for Toy Trains and The World of Franklin and Jefferson. In late 1. 96. 1, a duplicate was created for the Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago, Illinois; in 1.
Museum of Science in Boston, Massachusetts. A third copy was created for the 1. New York World's Fair IBM exhibit. After the World's Fair closed, it was moved to the Pacific Science Center in Seattle, Washington where it stayed until 1. It was then moved to Sci.
Trek in Atlanta, Georgia, but the organization was shut down in 2. As of 2. 01. 4, the status of this last copy is unclear, but individual pieces may have been dispersed for exhibition separately.^ ab. Roger Vincent (July 1. Former Eames furniture design headquarters sold in Venice. Los Angeles Times.^Neuhart, Marilyn Neuhart, with John (2. The story of Eames Furniture. Gregory Ain: The Modern Home as Social Commentary.
Prelinger Archives (archive. Retrieved 2. 2 June 2. Prelinger Archives (archive.
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Collecting Modern: a guide to mid- century furniture and collectibles. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1. ISBN 0. 81. 09. 60. Neuhart, Marilyn, Neuhart, John and Eames, Ray. The Work of the Office of Charles and Ray Eames. Abrahms, New York 1. ISBN 9. 78- 0. 81.
Neuhart, Marilyn and Neuhart, John. The Story of Eames Furniture (Bd 1: The Early Years, Bd 2: The Hermann Miller Age), Die Gestalten Verlag, Berlin 2. ISBN 9. 78- 3. 89. Eisenbrand, Jochen.
Breuer, Gerda, Meer, Julia (ed): Women in Graphic Design, p. Jovis, Berlin 2. 01.
ISBN 9. 78- 3- 8. Kirkham, Pat. Charles and Ray Eames. Designers of the 2.
Century. MIT Press, Boston 1. ISBN 9. 78- 0. 26.
Brandes, Uta Brandes. Ideen und Notizen zu einer neuen B. Ray Eames - Design als Lebensform. Aviv. A Verlag, Berlin 2. ISBN 3- 9. 32. 33.
Eames, Charles and Eames, Ray. Die Welt von Charles und Ray Eames. Ernst & Sohn, Berlin 1. ISBN 3- 4. 33- 0. Prouv. Charles & Ray Eames.